(These observations need not be accepted, but only to be examined)
Comparison or competition between ‘Science and Spirituality’ seems superfluous, if mankind is keen on lasting peace or stability of human minds. Moreover, whole or entire Science isn’t needed for comparison with Spirituality, but only the ‘Science of the Mind or Psychology’ would suffice. Presently, ‘Psychology’ still remains classified as Social Science, and it is yet to become a pure science like Physics or Chemistry etc.
Like Apples and Oranges, Science and Spirituality too are different. Science is the actual primary perception of Consciousness and Spirituality is secondary intellectual perception or the replay of the processed and stored first perception in memory. While first is original and vertically progressing, second is merely its variant. Science tries for a paradigm shift in the platform or basic structure of life. Spirituality isn’t so.
Science is the collection of actual primary perceived facts in nature, which are also unraveled, examined, proven and replicable. However, Spirituality can be regarded as the collection of intellectual or metaphysical observations of Great Philosophers, Saints, Spiritual and Religious Teachers as well as great thinkers, as shown below.
Science is incomplete, but it is still headed in the direction of Truth. Consciousness perceives the contents in its own memory, even if given by others, as secondary Intellectual Perception.
Science is still growing and incomplete, nevertheless it is still headed in the direction of Truth. Consciousness also perceives the contents in its own memory, even if given by others, as secondary Intellectual Perception. There is nothing wrong in admitting it.
Let us see how the same Consciousness produces both Knowledge of Science and Spirituality in different ways, as explained below.
At the beginning of life in all, there is only Consciousness and no knowledge
Main functions of the Consciousness are Perception and Responses
Perception is inward and expressions are outward of the Consciousness
Perceptions of Consciousness are stored as ‘Knowledge in Memory’
Consciousness has 2 modes of perception viz., a) Actual and b) Intellectual
Primary or Actual Perception is of external events through senses
Secondary or Intellectual Perception is the Replay or Use of Memory
Memory contains Knowledge of both self perceived and given by others
Science is the collection of primary or actual perceptions in nature
Spirituality is the expressions of intellectual perceptions using memory
Expressions for both modes of Perceptions, are inevitably intellectual or wordy
The Need and Role of Spirituality
When nothing was known about misery or turbulence in human minds, mankind merely and inevitably stayed with it. This inevitably quiet observation of own misery seemingly helped the Consciousness to return to its original, whole, oneness or undivided state, and lose its misery, more often permanently. Yet man didn’t know or care to understand how the Consciousness could get rid of its misery or the effect of damage, by merely staying with it and ‘not escaping from it’. This is the natural way, which was practiced in earlier days. This wasn’t told or documented, but was done.
The 2nd or the present method is that ‘Use or Replay of old Knowledge in memory also brought temporary relief from misery’, due to diversion from the present boredom or misery. This is unnatural and undesirable. Besides, it caused dependence on all kinds of diversions like over indulgence in acts of sensory perceptions and even chemical inputs into the body. So instead of permanently eliminating the misery, it preserved the misery, because of this diversion. Now the whole world population is gradually becoming a slave to this 2nd method. This is due to constant pushing of new business oriented knowledge.
Science and Spirituality are both collections of knowledge. So far, both have failed to end human misery, despite trying their best. Limitations of Science is openly accepted and conspicuous, but not of Spirituality. Science is curative, though only to a limited extent. Spirituality is merely palliative, but it may not declare so.
So when Psychology or the ‘Science of the Mind’ succeeds in ending human misery, Spirituality and all such knowledge oriented activities would be obviously abandoned.
1. ADVANCEMENT IN PSYCHOLOGY ALONE CAN HELP MANKIND TO END ALL ITS PROBLEMS
To put it mildly and briefly, the crisis that mankind is facing today, is immeasurable and indescribable, though its root cause is unbelievably small and simple. An often erupting question to the young, but which has always remained unanswered by elders is ‘Why mankind couldn’t understand the teachings of all great teachers?’. In other words, it may be called as the ‘communication gap’. Let us go slowly and examine this issue. No problem can be resolved, without understanding the nature, structure and cause of the problem.
All universally acclaimed or great teachers can be said to have been absolutely free. It is essential to note that mere achieving inner psychological ‘freedom’ doesn’t enable one to be abreast with the knowledge of structure and dynamics of the human mind, to enable others to become free. After all the state of mind can’t be transferred to others, but all can share only their ‘knowledge about it’ with others. This is also often called as ‘Self Knowledge’.
Mere addition, of the ‘knowledge of dynamics of mind’ into memory, also can’t transform the Consciousness. The freedom-seeking Consciousness has to make use of that knowledge and ‘position or allow itself’ to return to the state of freedom naturally. Thus it is evident that all teachers failed to express, convey or give relevant and accurate info or knowledge that could help others to liberate themselves easily and quickly.
That knowledge is to just ‘stop or pause’ all intellectual or knowledge using activities or becoming free for a moment, consciously and deliberately from memory. The tensed consciousness is already eagerly and constantly awaiting to return to its free state. So when there is pause for the intellectual or memory using activity, the Consciousness begins to ‘jump’ back to ‘freedom’ on its own naturally or to correct or set itself right.
Just allow some silence, Sir. That is enough. Our mere (in)action is needed for returning to the state of freedom, without the use or interference of knowledge. Let us try to understand it with an example, though it is incomplete, rough and crude.
Crudely and inadequately, mind can be compared to a computer, which often ‘hangs’ to a segment of data in memory. It is causing inaccurate ‘perception’ and consequent inaccurate ‘responses’ resulting in chaos. The noted Philosopher J Krishnamurti rightly named it as ‘Conditioning’ (by memory) of the Consciousness resulting in its reduced freedom and accuracy in perception and responses.
Understanding the structure and principle of functioning of the human mind seems highly difficult for two reasons viz., 1) Process of mind involves swift movement of energy or Consciousness that can’t be observed by eyes or measured through any sophisticated instrument. Hence, visualization is made first and then it is logically and intellectually questioned and corroborated to understand the functioning of the mind. 2) The disorder in human consciousness isn’t an added, acquired or even a pathological condition or disease that can be cured by some external medicines. In most of the cases, is only due to an avoidable error of parents during the growing years of the brain. It can be crudely compared to a manufacturing defect.
The disorder is simply an aberration or the split of consciousness that took place during the growing years of the Consciousness, which also grows along and within the brain, before and after birth for a considerable time. Since it is taking place during the growing years of the brain, it can be likened or compared to a ‘manufacturing defect’. Of course, the silver lining is that it is preventable in children as well as self-correctable during adulthood.
Following graph shows how human knowledge about Consciousness is advancing over the millennia. Yet it hasn’t become 100% effective. Diagram may neither be complete nor accurate as only few teachers have been showcased, whose expressions brought a paradigm shift in understanding the structure and role of ‘Consciousness’. If ‘Self-knowledge’ had preceded other knowledge, the present mess couldn’t have arisen at all.
TIMELINE FOR ADVANCEMENT OF PSYCHOLOGY
The above schematic graph shows that the increase in quality of communicable knowledge and the percentage of effectiveness of each new finding have been increasing, from the pre-vedic period till date. When it is 100% effective it can be said that the quality and quantity of communicable knowledge is complete.
1. I am the Consciousness — Ashtavakra, Pre Vedic Saint ( 20K Yrs ago) 2. Reason (knowledge in memory) sustains misery — Buddha (563–480 CE) 3. “Aham Brahmasmi” — I’m the God — Adi Shankara (788–820 CE) 4. All problems are due to ‘conditioning’ — J Krishnamurti (1895–1986) 5. Consciousness or the ‘I’ is free and independent in all, in normal state. It perceives and responds to situations by using memory. Split or damage in Consciousness causes ‘conditioning’ with some segment of knowledge in memory, resulting in error in perception & responses, which are causing all problems of mankind — Author, An Independent Researcher in Psychology